Piemonte is in a strategic position in the north-west of Italy, linking northern Europe with the Mediterranean basin and ensuring high accessibility of goods and people. As one of the top Italian region for private investments in research and development, Piemonte provides a wide blend of competencies and industries and its sectors of excellence include automotive, design, information and communication technology, aerospace, agriculture and food processing, textiles, bio and nano-technologies and renewable energy. Piemonte is also considered a rising tourist destination thanks to its famous vineyards, Langhe, Roero and Monferrato, part of UNESCO World Heritage from 2014, and to its mixture of culture, sport and food.
Piemonte in figure:
GDP 111.300 M€
GDP per capita 24.196€
Population 4.6 M
Area 25.402 km2
Density 181 P/km2
What about quality of air?
Some features influencing Air Quality in Piemonte:
- Piemonte is a highly populated and industrialised region. Its entire population amounts to 4.6 million of inhabitants and the urban area of Turin is one of the most populated of Europe;
- Ought to its central position, Piemonte has over 1,000 km of motorways and more than 2,000 Km of rails lines linking the region to the rest of Europe and Italy. This interconnection will be further strengthened by the completion of 2 TEN-T (Trans European Transport Network) which will make Torino a central transit node on the east-west and the north-south lines;
- Piemonte it surrounded by the Alps on three sides and more than 40% of its surface is mountainous, entailing an absence of wind that could contribute in reducing pollution. Although wood is a very widespread source of energy, which is good for decreasing GHG, it also deeply influences air quality because of the low efficiency of domestic stoves;
- Almost 15% of Italian cows and 11% of pigs are breaded in Piemonte. This is a very important feature considering the weight ascribed to air pollution from agriculture. Methane is one of the most important precursors of ozone.
Air quality policy in Piemonte:
- Piemonte will soon have the most extensive district heating in Europe (Turin, the region’s capital city, is highly placed in this ranking);
- One underground line was completed in 2006, and has been upgraded yearly, and a project for a second line is ongoing;
- Other initiatives include an all-year ban of the most pollutant vehicles and Low Emission Zones (LEZ) in all cities of the Region: incentives for eliminating old cars;
- Renovation of pollutant heating systems;
- Applying filter to vehicles and industrial plants;
- In 12 years around €250m was spent in air quality related initiatives and for 2013-15 €20m is foreseen for interventions in energy efficiency and renewable energies and €125m for improving regional public transport, such as replacing older buses with Euro V/VI vehicles and retrofitting other existing Euro III/IV buses.
For all the information look up the Piemonte official website : http://www.regione.piemonte.it/
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