The Comunidad de Madrid (Region of Madrid) is one of the seventeen autonomous communities (regions) of Spain. It is located at the centre of the Iberian Peninsula, and the Castilian Central Plateau (Meseta Central). It is bounded to the south and east by Castilla–La Mancha and to the north and west by Castilla y León. The Comunidad de Madrid consists of one single province of 8.022 square kilometres and includes the capital of the country, the City of Madrid. It has a population of 6.378.297 inhabitants, mostly concentrated at the metropolitan area of Madrid.
The region has three distinct areas: the metropolitan area, which crosses nearly the whole region from northeast to southwest, including heavily dense industrial areas, residential areas and also a large number of commercial spots; the Sierra (mountains) in the north, a highly protected natural area; and the Campiña, a basically agricultural area, in the south. 84% of the land lies at an altitude of over 600 metres, giving rise to a dry, continental climate with major variations in seasonal temperatures. Nowadays we can speak about a larger connection of the metropolitan area with the surrounding regions, Guadalajara and Toledo of Castilla la Mancha, and Segovia of Castilla Leon.
Comunidad de Madrid in figure:
GDP: 216.862.098 thousand € (Year 2013)
GDP per capita: 34.000 €
Population: 6.378.297 inhabitants (Year 2014)
Population density: 795 inhabitants per square kilometer
Source: Instituto de Estadística de la Comunidad de Madrid (http://www.madrid.org/iestadis/)
What about quality of air?
Air quality policy in Comunidad de Madrid:
One of the main objectives of the Madrid Regional Government – Department of Environment, is to ensure legislation compliance in the urban environmental area by actively participating through the development of schemes, programs, initiatives, projects and infrastructures, in order to reduce the impact that economic and social activities in Madrid Region have in the environment and, at the same time, addressing performance to provide quality services to businesses, administrations and citizens in the Region.
Therefore, Madrid Regional Government established three basic guidelines: introduction of new management techniques, sustainable growth and focus on the citizen.
In order to continue progressing on these guidelines, Madrid Regional Government defined in year 2013 an environmental strategy of the Region of Madrid, focused on air quality. The Strategy of Air Quality and Climate Change for the region of Madrid 2013-2020, “Blue Scheme +”, established qualitative and quantitative objectives for the different air pollution gases by the definition and implementation of measures affecting the 4 most pollutant sectors in the region: transport, industry, residential and Institutional and agricultural. The document is available in:
This Strategy is a new document for the period 2013-2020, which aims to continue with the strategic management lines that began with the Blue Sheme 2006-2012, mainly:
- Industry: environmental auditing, update of monitoring and control process, etc…
- Transport (road transport, railways, air transport…): promotion of cleaner vehicles and fuels, promotion of public transport, traffic management, etc.
- Households (residential, institutional buildings…): sustainable building, energy efficiency, conversion of old boilers etc.
- Biogenic (agriculture and nature): reforestation, wildfire prevention, etc.
- Information and divulgation
- Land planning: Mobility Plans, etc.
- Environmental prevention: Low Emissions Zones, etc.
- Environmental education: economic driving courses, etc.
- Legal framework: funds for R+D in new technologies, etc.
For all the information look up the Comunidad de Madrid official website : www.madrid.org/calidaddelaire
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